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141 Review Questions

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Multiple Choice Questions

1.  Who of the following does not support the humane and improved treatment of mentally ill persons?

  1. Philippe Pinel
  2. medieval priests
  3. Dorothea Dix
  4. All of the above

2.  The process of closing large asylums and providing for people to stay in the community to be treated locally is known as ________.

  1. deinstitutionalization
  2. exorcism
  3. deactivation
  4. decentralization

3.  Skylar was convicted of domestic violence. As part of their sentence, the judge has ordered that Skylar attend therapy for anger management. This is considered ________ treatment.

  1. involuntary
  2. voluntary
  3. forced
  4. mandatory

4.  Today, most people with psychological problems are not hospitalized. Typically they are only hospitalized if they ________.

  1. have schizophrenia
  2. have insurance
  3. are an imminent threat to themselves or others
  4. require therapy

5.  The idea behind ________ is that how you think determines how you feel and act.

  1. cognitive therapy
  2. cognitive-behavioural therapy
  3. behaviour therapy
  4. client-centred therapy

6.  Mood stabilizers, such as lithium, are used to treat ________.

  1. anxiety disorders
  2. depression
  3. bipolar disorder
  4. ADHD

7.  Clay is in a therapy session. The therapist asks them to relax and say whatever comes to their mind at the moment. This therapist is using ________, which is a technique of ________.

  1. active listening; client-centred therapy
  2. systematic desensitization; behaviour therapy
  3. transference; psychoanalysis
  4. free association; psychoanalysis

8.  A treatment modality in which 5–10 people with the same issue or concern meet together with a trained clinician is known as ________.

  1. family therapy
  2. couples therapy
  3. group therapy
  4. self-help group

9.  What happens during an intake?

  1. The therapist gathers specific information to address the client’s immediate needs such as the presenting problem, the client’s support system, and insurance status. The therapist informs the client about confidentiality, fees, and what to expect in a therapy session.
  2. The therapist guides what happens in the therapy session and designs a detailed approach to resolving each member’s presenting problem.
  3. The therapist meets with a couple to help them see how their individual backgrounds, beliefs, and actions are affecting their relationship.
  4. The therapist examines and discusses with the family the boundaries and structure of the family: For example, who makes the rules, who sleeps in the bed with whom, and how decisions are made.

10.  What is the minimum amount of time addicts should receive treatment if they are to achieve a desired outcome?

  1. 3 months
  2. 6 months
  3. 9 months
  4. 12 months

11.  When an individual has two or more diagnoses, which often includes a substance-related diagnosis and another psychiatric diagnosis, this is known as ________.

  1. bipolar disorder
  2. comorbid disorder
  3. codependency
  4. bi-morbid disorder

12. Gage was drug-free for almost six months. Then gage started hanging out with their addict friends again, and they have now started abusing drugs again. This is an example of ________.

  1. release
  2. reversion
  3. re-addiction
  4. relapse

13The sociocultural perspective looks at you, your behaviours, and your symptoms in the context of your ________.

  1. education
  2. socioeconomic status
  3. culture and background
  4. age

14Which of the following was not listed as a barrier to mental health treatment?

  1. fears about treatment
  2. language
  3. transportation
  4. being a member of the ethnic majority

Critical Thinking Questions

15People with psychological disorders have been treated poorly throughout history. Describe some efforts to improve treatment, include explanations for the success or lack thereof.

16Usually someone is hospitalized only if they are an imminent threat to themselves or others. Describe a situation that might meet these criteria.

17Imagine that you are a psychiatrist. Your patient, Pat, comes to you with the following symptoms: anxiety and feelings of sadness. Which therapeutic approach would you recommend and why?

18Compare and contrast individual and group therapies.

19You are conducting an intake assessment. Your client is a 45-year-old single, employed male with cocaine dependence. He failed a drug screen at work and is mandated to treatment by his employer if he wants to keep his job. Your client admits that he needs help. Why would you recommend group therapy for him?

20Lashawn is a 24-year-old African American female. For years she has been struggling with bulimia. She knows she has a problem, but she is not willing to seek mental health services. What are some reasons why she may be hesitant to get help?

Personal Application Questions

21Do you think there is a stigma associated with mentally ill persons today? Why or why not?

22What are some places in your community that offer mental health services? Would you feel comfortable seeking assistance at one of these facilities? Why or why not?

23If you were to choose a therapist practicing one of the techniques presented in this section, which kind of therapist would you choose and why?

24Your best friend tells you that they are concerned about their cousin. The cousin—a teenager—is constantly coming home after curfew, and your friend suspects that their cousin been drinking. What treatment modality would you recommend to your friend and why?

25What are some substance-related and addictive disorder treatment facilities in your community, and what types of services do they provide? Would you recommend any of them to a friend or family member with a substance abuse problem? Why or why not?

26What is your attitude toward mental health treatment? Would you seek treatment if you were experiencing symptoms or having trouble functioning in your life? Why or why not? In what ways do you think your cultural and/or religious beliefs influence your attitude toward psychological intervention?

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