1. ________ is a memory store with a phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, episodic buffer, and a central executive.
- sensory memory
- episodic memory
- working memory
- implicit memory
2. The storage capacity of long-term memory is ________.
- one or two bits of information
- seven bits, plus or minus two
- essentially limitless
3. The three functions of memory are ________.
- automatic processing, effortful processing, and storage
- encoding, processing, and storage
- automatic processing, effortful processing, and retrieval
- encoding, storage, and retrieval
4. This physical trace of memory is known as the ________.
- Lashley effect
- Deese-Roediger-McDermott Paradigm
- flashbulb memory effect
5. An exceptionally clear recollection of an important event is a (an) ________.
- arousal theory
- flashbulb memory
- equipotentiality hypothesis
6. ________ is when our recollections of the past are done in a self-enhancing manner.
- stereotypical bias
- egocentric bias
- hindsight bias
- enhancement bias
7. Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon is also known as ________.
8. The formulation of new memories is sometimes called ________, and the process of bringing up old memories is called ________.
- construction; reconstruction
- reconstruction; construction
- production; reproduction
- reproduction; production
9. When you are learning how to play the piano, the statement “Every good boy does fine” can help you remember the notes E, G, B, D, and F for the lines of the treble clef. This is an example of a (an) ________.
10. According to a study by Yogo and Fujihara (2008), if you want to improve your short-term memory, you should spend time writing about ________.
- your best possible future self
- a traumatic life experience
- a trivial topic
- your grocery list
11. The self-referencing effect refers to ________.
- making the material you are trying to memorize personally meaningful to you
- making a phrase of all the first letters of the words you are trying to memorize
- making a word formed by the first letter of each of the words you are trying to memorize
- saying words you want to remember out loud to yourself
12. Memory aids that help organize information for encoding are ________.
- mnemonic devices
- memory-enhancing strategies
- elaborative rehearsal
- effortful processing
Critical Thinking Questions
Personal Application Questions